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Home > International Justice > International Advocacy > Guide to International Human Rights Mechanisms > Overview of Human Rights Monitoring Mechanisms > UN Charter-Based Mechanisms > Universal Periodic Review (UPR) > UPR Process

Submission of Information

UPR reviews are based on documentation  that is submitted months in advance of the session.  

  • National report:   Information provided by the State under review is presented in a 20-page report approximately 3-4 months prior to the review.
  • Compilation of UN information:   The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights compiles a 10 page summary of information from reports of United Nations experts (through Special Procedures and human rights treaty bodies), as well as other UN agencies.  Also included is information about the scope ot the State's legal obligations such as ratification of human rights treaties.
  • Summary of Stakeholder Information:   The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights also prepares as 10-page summary of "credible and reliable information" from other stakeholders ,including non-governmental organizations and national human rights institutions. 

During the Review Session

  • Interactive Dialogue:  Each State under review gets 1 hour to present their report  and address written questions from states that have been received by the troika.  Following this 2 hours are then devoted to the speakers list where member and observer states pose questions and provide recommendations.  NGOs are encouraged to work with the State under review and with other participating States to ensure the inclusion of relevant human rights related information/concerns are included in the discussion. 
  • Outcome Document:  Usually within 48 hours of the review, the troika drafts an outcome report for the UPR Working Group. During these 48 hours, the State has the opportunity to make comments on the report and accept or reject the recommendations given.  All recommendations however remain in the report and it is informally adopted by the Human Rights Council. 

Post-UPR Review

  • Formal Adoption of Outcome Document:  The final outcome document is formally adopted by the Human Rights Council at the next plenary session.  The State has the opportunity to answer questions, respond to recommendations, and make comments about issues raised during the review.  NGOs also have the opportunity to give brief comments prior to the adoption of the State report.
  • Follow-up:  The State has the primary responsibility to implement the recommendations contained in the final outcome document and must provide information on what they have been doing to implement the recommendations when they return for the next review.  NGOs also play a role in holding States accountable for implementing the recommendations of the final outcome document. The Human Rights Council has the authority to take measures to address cases where States are not cooperating.